Simon Willison’s Weblog


42 items tagged “homebrewllms”


gpt4all. Similar to Alpaca, here’s a project which takes the LLaMA base model and fine-tunes it on instruction examples generated by GPT-3—in this case, it’s 800,000 examples generated using the ChatGPT GPT 3.5 turbo model (Alpaca used 52,000 generated by regular GPT-3). This is currently the easiest way to get a LLaMA derived chatbot running on your own computer: the repo includes compiled binaries for running on M1/M2, Intel Mac, Windows and Linux and provides a link to download the 3.9GB 4-bit quantized model. # 29th March 2023, 6:03 pm

Cerebras-GPT: A Family of Open, Compute-efficient, Large Language Models (via) The latest example of an open source large language model you can run your own hardware. This one is particularly interesting because the entire thing is under the Apache 2 license. Cerebras are an AI hardware company offering a product with 850,000 cores—this release was trained on their hardware, presumably to demonstrate its capabilities. The model comes in seven sizes from 111 million to 13 billion parameters, and the smaller sizes can be tried directly on Hugging Face. # 28th March 2023, 10:05 pm

LLaMA voice chat, with Whisper and Siri TTS. llama.cpp author Georgi Gerganov has stitched together the LLaMA language model, the Whisper voice to text model (with his whisper.cpp library) and the macOS “say” command to create an entirely offline AI agent that he can talk to with his voice and that can speak replies straight back to him. # 27th March 2023, 9:06 pm

Hello Dolly: Democratizing the magic of ChatGPT with open models. A team at DataBricks applied the same fine-tuning data used by Stanford Alpaca against LLaMA to a much older model—EleutherAI’s GPT-J 6B, first released in May 2021. As with Alpaca, they found that instruction tuning took the raw model—which was extremely difficult to interact with—and turned it into something that felt a lot more like ChatGPT. It’s a shame they reused the license-encumbered 52,000 training samples from Alpaca, but I doubt it will be long before someone recreates a freely licensed alternative to that training set. # 24th March 2023, 5:05 pm

Fine-tune LLaMA to speak like Homer Simpson. Replicate spent 90 minutes fine-tuning LLaMA on 60,000 lines of dialog from the first 12 seasons of the Simpsons, and now it can do a good job of producing invented dialog from any of the characters from the series. This is a really interesting result: I’ve been skeptical about how much value can be had from fine-tuning large models on just a tiny amount of new data, assuming that the new data would be statistically irrelevant compared to the existing model. Clearly my mental model around this was incorrect. # 17th March 2023, 11:08 pm

Could you train a ChatGPT-beating model for $85,000 and run it in a browser?

I think it’s now possible to train a large language model with similar functionality to GPT-3 for $85,000. And I think we might soon be able to run the resulting model entirely in the browser, and give it capabilities that leapfrog it ahead of ChatGPT.

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Train and run Stanford Alpaca on your own machine. The team at Replicate managed to train their own copy of Stanford’s Alpaca—a fine-tuned version of LLaMA that can follow instructions like ChatGPT. Here they provide step-by-step instructions for recreating Alpaca yourself—running the training needs one or more A100s for a few hours, which you can rent through various cloud providers. # 16th March 2023, 4:10 pm

bloomz.cpp (via) Nouamane Tazi Adapted the llama.cpp project to run against the BLOOM family of language models, which were released in July 2022 and trained in France on 45 natural languages and 12 programming languages using the Jean Zay Public Supercomputer, provided by the French government and powered using mostly nuclear energy.

It’s under the RAIL license which allows (limited) commercial use, unlike LLaMA.

Nouamane reports getting 16 tokens/second from BLOOMZ-7B1 running on an M1 Pro laptop. # 16th March 2023, 12:24 am

Int-4 LLaMa is not enough—Int-3 and beyond (via) The Nolano team are experimenting with reducing the size of the LLaMA models even further than the 4bit quantization popularized by llama.cpp. # 13th March 2023, 11:55 pm

Stanford Alpaca, and the acceleration of on-device large language model development

On Saturday 11th March I wrote about how Large language models are having their Stable Diffusion moment. Today is Monday. Let’s look at what’s happened in the past three days.

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Large language models are having their Stable Diffusion moment

The open release of the Stable Diffusion image generation model back in August 2022 was a key moment. I wrote how Stable Diffusion is a really big deal at the time.

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Running LLaMA 7B on a 64GB M2 MacBook Pro with llama.cpp. I got Facebook’s LLaMA 7B to run on my MacBook Pro using llama.cpp (a “port of Facebook’s LLaMA model in C/C++”) by Georgi Gerganov. It works! I’ve been hoping to run a GPT-3 class language model on my own hardware for ages, and now it’s possible to do exactly that. The model itself ends up being just 4GB after applying Georgi’s script to “quantize the model to 4-bits”. # 11th March 2023, 4:19 am