Simon Willison’s Weblog


Saturday, 26th August 2023

Understanding Immortal Objects in Python 3.12. Abhinav Upadhyay provides a clear and detailed explanation of immortal objects coming in Python 3.12, which ensure Python no longer updates reference counts for immutable objects such as True, False, None and low-values integers. The trick (which maintains ABI compatibility) is pretty simple: a reference count value of 4294967295 now means an object is immortal, and the existing Py_INCREF and Py_DECREF macros have been updated to take that into account. # 12:08 pm