Writing better release notes
Release notes are an important part of the open source process. I’ve been thinking about these a lot recently, and I’ve assembled some thoughts on how to do a better job with them.
Write release notes. Seriously—if you want people to take advantage of the work you have been doing to improve your projects, you need to tell them about it!
Include the date. The date matters a lot, because I want to be able to determine how old a release is—especially important for the dependencies I am using.
It’s much more reasonable to assume people will be running as a minimum a version from 3 years ago than one that came out last week.
Make sure people can link to the release notes for a version. This can be a page-per-release or an anchor target on the releases page, but it needs to be possible and it needs to be discoverable.
There are some projects for which I have to view source on the HTML page to find the anchor links for the version headers—don’t make me do that!
For larger releases, break them up with headers. “New features” v.s. “Bug fixes” is a useful distinction.
Emphasize the highlights. It can be easy for the highlights of a larger release to get lost in a sea of bullet points. I’ll sometimes include an introductory paragraph highlighting the major themes.
Link to relevant documentation from the release notes. If I want to know more about a new feature that should be the best place for me to start.
Flesh them out with examples and screenshots. Most release notes are pretty dry—there’s no space limit on these things, so feel free to use all of the tools at your disposal to best answer the question “what has changed and why does this matter to me?”
Link to the associated issue thread. If I want to know more about a feature, and you’ve been using issues effectively, the issue link can tell me the entire story of the new feature in more detail than anything else.
Credit your contributors! If someone helped build a feature the release notes are a great place to give them a shout out.
Once shipped, let people know. I mainly use Twitter for this, but I also write about releases on my blog (in my weeknotes) and push out news about major releases through my project newsletter.
When I tweet my release notes (recent example) I include both a link to them and, if they’re short, a screenshot of the release notes with an alt= attribute duplicating their content.
GitHub Releases and GitHub Actions
I really like the GitHub releases feature. You can easily create new release attached to tags, and each release gets its own linkable page. Release notes are written in Markdown and you can edit them later on, expanding them further and fixing any typos or errors.
Releases pages also automatically link to a zip or .tar.gz file of your repository at that tag, and you can attach binary builds to that page too.
Plus they have a good API, and they integrate well with GitHub Actions.
I manage all of my Python package releases using this—I have an actions workflow which triggers on a new GitHub release, builds and packages that tag and then uploads it to PyPI—so all I have to do is click “new release” and fill in the form and my automation does the rest of the work.
I use the GitHub API to show links to my most recent releases on both the Datasette homepage and my personal GitHub profile.
Annotated release notes
Something I’ve been trying with my own projects is publishing annotated release notes to accompany the official ones.
The idea here is that while the official release notes succinctly document “what changed”, the annotated ones are a place where I can provide personal notes about the new features—the background on them, what I learned along the way and my own opinions on what they are useful for and why.
I enjoy writing these, but I’ve not yet got a great feel for if people find them useful or not—so I’m not ready to recommend them as a thing that other projects should aim to replicate. I like them though, so if you write them for your project I will look forward to reading them!
I’m a huge fan of Django’s release notes—they’re some of the best I’ve ever seen. It’s worth exploring both minor releases and major releases for an example of what this looks like when it’s done really well.
For my own projects, I put the most effort into the release notes for Datasette and for sqlite-utils. Both of those projects have a dedicated page in their documentation.
sqlite-utils 3.10 and Datasette 0.44 are some of my better examples.
I also write about them on my blog. Here’s the full series of annotated release notes for Datasette, and my write-ups of new features added to sqlite-utils.
My smaller projects use GitHub Releases rather than having a dedicated page in their documentation. datasette-graphql 0.10 and s3-credentials 0.9 are two good examples there.
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