Cloudflare does not consider vary values in caching decisions. Here’s the spot in Cloudflare’s documentation where they hide a crucially important detail:
“Cloudflare does not consider vary values in caching decisions. Nevertheless, vary values are respected when Vary for images is configured and when the vary header is vary: accept-encoding.”
This means you can’t deploy an application that uses content negotiation via the Accept header behind the Cloudflare CDN—for example serving JSON or HTML for the same URL depending on the incoming Accept header. If you do, Cloudflare may serve cached JSON to an HTML client or vice-versa.
There’s an exception for image files, which Cloudflare added support for in September 2021 (for Pro accounts only) in order to support formats such as WebP which may not have full support across all browsers.
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