Simon Willison’s Weblog

Glue code to quickly copy data from one Postgres table to another (via) The Python script that Retool used to migrate 4TB of data between two PostgreSQL databases. I find the structure of this script really interesting—it uses Python to spin up a queue full of ID ranges to be transferred and then starts some threads, but then each thread shells out to a command that runs “psql COPY (SELECT ...) TO STDOUT” and pipes the result to “psql COPY xxx FROM STDIN”. Clearly this works really well (“saturate the database’s hardware capacity” according to a comment on HN), and neatly sidesteps any issues with Python’s GIL.