How did art.sy get a “.sy” url?
My answer to How did art.sy get a “.sy” url? on Quora
Here’s a generally useful tip: if you’re interested in learning more about ANY top level domain, visit the Wikipedia page for it—which will be http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.sy in this case (just add the domain, complete with its dot prefix, directly after en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ ).
The wikipedia page will tell you which country the domain refers to, who the registrar is, what restrictions there are on those domains and plenty more besides. In this case, .sy is Syria—not exactly the best country to be associating your brand with these days!